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  • 양주콜걸»출장부르는법☃양주정자역 마사지﹝양주안마방 휴게﹞⇘「양주광명 마사지」↴양주동대구 마사지✘양주안마방 sex━양주엄지 눈 근육 마사지►양주울산 마사지ヌ양주24시 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    대전출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    양주콜걸☲24시출장샵リ양주정자역 마사지﹝양주영천 마사지﹞☚ 「양주스웨디시 마사지 정의」➺양주안마방 ssul➚양주얼굴 작아지는 마사지♡양주안구 마사지⇡양주여인숙 여자セ양주연수동 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 화성화성 안마방 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    양주콜걸✎출장부르는법セ양주정자역 마사지﹝양주안산 고잔동 마사지﹞◕「양주av 마사지」×양주안마방 분수✣양주지행 안마방➛양주평촌 마사지☻양주안마방 스킬╎양주마사지 자격증 종류

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    양주콜걸┯예약금없는출장샵╍양주정자역 마사지﹝양주피로회복 마사지﹞│「양주남자 출장 마사지」➧양주신림 마사지♭양주송도 마사지⇏양주두통 마사지✪양주하마사키 마오 마사지┷양주선입금 출장

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 대전출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    양주콜걸×예약■양주정자역 마사지﹝양주지행 안마방﹞☷「양주태국 마사지 가격」⇖양주유흥인 토렌트✪양주마사지 야설┢양주안마방 체크카드❦양주출장아가씨カ양주안마방 토렌트

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 경상북도다방 모텔 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    양주콜걸╪예약U양주정자역 마사지﹝양주마사지 텀블러﹞⊙「양주익산 모텔 가격」♀ 양주안마방 ㅇㄷ⇛양주광주 안마방 후기⇙양주마사지 간판 구분╋양주퇴폐╮양주오창 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 구미출장안마 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    양주콜걸양주구래동 마사지

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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    양주콜걸┕24시출장샵╩양주정자역 마사지﹝양주미금역 마사지﹞➚「양주태백 마사지」♬양주라페 안마방㍿양주해운대 모텔◇양주서울 출장 후기♦양주시흥 마사지↔양주일본 마사지 품번

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 고흥강아지 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 울산출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    전주출장안마
    광주새로운 안마방 아가씨 카지노사이트 사천마사지 배우는곳
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 전주출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    양주콜걸マ24시출장샵☏양주정자역 마사지﹝양주안마방 무한샷﹞⇁「양주마사지 ㅁㅎㅎ」╃양주머리 마사지♢양주김천 마사지┅양주분당 마사지 추천❣양주영화 히든 토렌트▲양주광주 스타 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 서울 안마방 와꾸 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    양주콜걸♣24시출장샵╣양주정자역 마사지﹝양주전주 안마방﹞♨「양주복부 마사지」◎양주아산 출장 만남✥양주출장 만남 카톡➷양주중국 마사지 가격╣양주마송 안마방☁양주동해 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 바카라사이트 .

    남원동인천 마사지
    광명의정부 모텔 추천 bein.xyz 제주도안마방 가성비
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    양주콜걸⇍예약◈양주정자역 마사지﹝양주아로마마사지 꿀팁﹞➵「양주사상 출장」♡양주안마방 몇시↠양주태국 마사지 torrent┨양주여성 전용 아로마 마사지↮양주출장샵콜걸↕양주커플 마사지 방법

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 카지노사이트 .

    양주콜걸╫예약✍양주정자역 마사지﹝양주어깨 결림 마사지﹞☎「양주구의 마사지」☢양주스즈하라 에미리 마사지╔양주교대 마사지▨양주기흥구청 마사지╌양주부산 서면 출장◤양주아침 안마방

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 온라인카지노 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 진도범계역 안마방 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    양주콜걸•예약금없는출장샵⇪양주정자역 마사지﹝양주외국인 안마방﹞♨「양주성인 마사지」■양주간석오거리 안마방☢양주안마방 썰ラ양주제주시 안마방☍양주남자 전립선 마사지㍿양주삼산동 출장

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    양주콜걸▣출장부르는법↑양주정자역 마사지﹝양주tumblr 마사지﹞┓「양주안마방 체크카드」➵양주사북 마사지▣양주화성 마사지イ양주마사지 레전드♤양주휴게텔 안마방 차이⊙양주대구 동대구역 모텔

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 양양안마방 토렌트 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 바카라사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 창원출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 강릉국산_신작_안마방 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 군산출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    양주콜걸①24시출장샵↸양주정자역 마사지﹝양주천안안마﹞⇋「양주별내 마사지」㊣양주서양 마사지 fc2┠양주안마방 tumblr▲양주에로 마사지↽양주거유 마사지♖양주경추성 두통 마사지

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 카지노사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 바카라사이트 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 구미출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    양주콜걸★예약금없는출장샵⇋양주정자역 마사지﹝양주안마방 번호﹞▩「양주남자 마사지」⇇양주여친 마사지➚양주부산 연산동 안마방✥양주안마방 교복ミ양주동대문 마사지╭양주여의도 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    하남출장전화번호
    바카라사이트.xyz 울산조건 만남 카톡 부산출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    양주콜걸☈24시출장샵➴양주정자역 마사지﹝양주신천 마사지﹞☁「양주강릉 안마방」↥양주강릉 여관┋양주수내 마사지→양주안마방 카드결제✦양주전북 안마방☝양주출장 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.양주콜걸양주대구 출장 마사지유양주강남역 안마방☈「양주안마방 20살」양주오피걸ナ양주마사지 유출▒양주압구정 마사지ク양주부천역 안마방↩mycamp.xyz24시출장샵양주상하이 마사지⇞양주게이 안마방⊙〔양주타이 마사지 팁〕양주속초 안마방↺양주복부 마사지W양주주안 모텔 추천❣양주안마방 텀블◙양주콜걸원주눈커지는 마사지양주나주 마사지★양주해외 안마방☠〖양주천안 대딸방〗양주안동 마사지α양주마사지 공떡◆양주뒷목 마사지ζ양주양평 마사지☲양주정준하 마사지U양주부산 안마방ミ〖양주국노 torrent〗양주경산 마사지웃양주태국 마사지 서비스フ양주이발소 마사지┄양주안마방 마사지➨양주수내역 마사지❃양주답십리 마사지╇‹양주안마방 아가씨›양주고주파 마사지☂양주대화역 마사지╋양주사당역 안마방囍양주강동구 마사지┏양주부산 해운대 안마방⇞양주김해 안마방◐﹛양주안마방 시간﹜양주세븐 안마방┝양주안마방 가성비£양주강북 안마방»양주마사지 fc2☜예약거제안마방 직원24시출장샵양주칭다오 마사지↯양주군포 안마방┨《양주강서 마사지》양주조건 출장▶양주부부 마사지☜양주부산 안마방 추천ェ양주세븐 상추 안마방➺양주콜걸양주콜걸수원출장안마양주24시간 안마방양주마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ양주출장 만남 대행양주다리 마사지 기계양주콜걸양주안마방 얼마냐φ양주1인 마사지✏〈양주엘림 마사지〉양주야탑 마사지 후기的양주대딸방♦양주양재 안마방♮양주두정동 마사지⇥천안춘천 마사지 후기

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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